Both the parables and Luke’s Gospel are crafted to make a point. But it's also really healthy for us to think about something other than the health crisis, and the economic crisis, and political crisis. A third of its poetry, which is a very indirect form of communication. Those responses have to do with factors way beyond our control. Because Jesus does teach about how we deal with children, but not in this section, right? The proper response to the gospel in the parables is total. Jon: The rich man and Lazarus. The crankiest old man in the entire nursing home had passed away. Tim: I mean, we're just grateful that we can create stuff that people can enjoy no matter where they are, even if they're stuck in their home, or apartment. He says, "Whoever receives you (that is, the apostles)...Y'all. And that man replied, 'Lord, first let me go and bury my father.' The boss was very wealthy, with a fine home on the waterway, and cars costing more than her house. The parable has to do with how people respond to his message. Retold Parables. In that way, it feels like, okay, this is just a story about something that happened in the life of Jesus. If you're recrafting the narrative to fit a certain pattern, then you're not telling me history, you're just telling me a story. Either style of communication can be effective in a given context. ', The second said, ‘I don’t know, but there will be more light than here. So the soils represent how people of Jesus' generation responded to Him and His message. Because he says at the beginning that it's based on eyewitness. So the context there is children on the brain. Tim: Not a parable. I'm looking at the Chapter 16, verse 23. The word parable (the Greek root-word παραβολή [Gk], parabole) means “comparison”, and was the manner in which the primitive Christian Church described the stories that Christ used to illustrate his teachings (Potapov 2000). In chapter 15, we find the "lost" parables, where Jesus talks about misplaced coins, lost sheep, and wayward sons. Tim: It's a great reversal many of the parables are about. Who has the highest rank?'" In any form of indirect communication, you risk people not getting what you're saying. Putting this into a modern context, we can make a comparison between a 1910 automobile and a 1995 automobile. If you go to the story and teaching of Jesus right before this very parable, or the story about the rich man and Lazarus, go up to Luke 16:1, and it's the same exact phrase in Greek that introduces the parable of the shrewd manager. “My name is Denny and I’m shopping with my mother,” he responded proudly. She casually mentioned that her daughter once had a coin collection, and asked if the penny he had found had been of some value. Whoever causes one of these little ones to believe in me..." and it goes on with the thing about the millstone and so on. But it seems like biblical authors just are constantly doing that and are not ashamed of it— of like supercharging all these design patterns and details and stories in order to make them well crafted. Almost every commentator that I find and that I look to, argues that it is a parable for a number of reasons. So you're saying your English Bible doesn't have that parable heading over this section of Luke 16. He's giving us a representation of how people addressed the issue of discipleship when people were waffling, or when people had wanted to balance following Jesus with other commitments. And Jesus replied, 'foxes have dens, birds have nests, but the Son of Man has no place to lay his head.' 2 Things that make a story a parable: 1) Symbolism 2) Messages When reading parables, it's important to look at 1) Context, in particular who Jesus is telling the story to. The whole question is, is this a parable or is it not? Jon: It's such a powerful image of what it means. So what makes them different, this is the Gospel of Luke, which begins with the authorial introduction, saying that he got all this from eyewitness traditions, and he's arranged it carefully. NIV, the ESV, and the NAS, all say Hades. As you were just reading, I was noticing all these little kind of patterns to these three stories. You got to first say, "What was Jesus after?". “You’re fifteen-years-old Denny; now be a good boy and let the man pass by.”. Correct. Click here to see what this rich man had to say about a simple penny. Jesus often used indirect communication through parables to unsettle the complacent, confuse the hostile, and give hope to the lowly. So we answered is not the kind of these little mini parables really. I was wondering where you think this fits when you look at the Sermon on the Mount. RELATED: A Rich Woman Helps A Homeless Man For A Beautiful Reason. Tim: Oh, really? Tim: Yeah, sure. Tim: Yeah, totally. He, too, loved his second wife. "A long time ago in a galaxy far, far away." I feel like if you wrote me a letter, and somebody asked you 50 years from now, "You know, can we take this letter and just go like read it to some other group of people as if it was written to them, and not to Tim?" His parents assumed the doctors would only need some of his blood. I've learned something because of it. He was the one the nurses fought over having to take… That kind of thing. I just can't think of a reason why you wouldn't want the original context to illuminate what it could mean the significance that it could have for you. In other words, what Jesus was explaining in that moment was He wasn't giving a theology lecture on salvation, defined as what happens to you after you die. Now, it's like children are an embodiment of the kingdom of God, right? Tim: The actual point of how the parable concludes is with the rich man saying to Abraham, "Hey, go have Lazarus go back. Parables #1-2-3-4 New cloth, New wine. The characters and events represent people and events in real life. And so I'm constantly seeking clarity. What are your thoughts on this? It's important for us to really think wisely and strategically about all the decisions that we're making right now. It's one of the main teaching blocks in Matthew, and it's about the upside-down value ethic of the kingdom of God as it's applied to relationships and social rank. The meaning is what Jesus originally meant by the parable in his context, while the significance is how we experience that meaning. Tim: Great. Isaiah: Hey, Tim, and Jon. Jon: So yeah, I've never noticed this that that way the parable of the sheep, the ninety-nine and the hundred ends with saying, "This is about the little ones.". Once he survives the night, he is a MAN. It's not about children. So, it'll be maybe the most we'll talk about the current situation. And then he says, "Whoever receives any with such child..." Remember about receiving the child. He just was at a different moment in the biblical story too. But it's a well-known trope. The paramedics handed Jim the one thing Howard cherished, his shoe box. He loved the fourth wife the most, adorning her with rich robes and treating her to delicacies. And a whole layer of his audience is people who are just desperate and looking for someone to help create a new path forward for Israel. Are these cryptic statements themselves parables? Tim: Yeah, yeah totally. He stopped suddenly, looking down on the pavement for a long, silent moment. And there are four different types of responses to Jesus, which are the four soils. Probably, depending on someone's context, they should look to both as a guide maybe at different times. He knew what He was doing. And that doesn't mean that these stories are fictional. I forget the name of the characters. Yeah, totally. Finally, she could stand it no longer. Parables carry both meaning and significance. Both are essential to understand the parables. The most shocking thing of all is that no one else even called an ambulance which they could so easily have done from their own cell phones or after they felt they were safely at their own destination. Modern Parables is more than just a fresh recasting of Jesus’ parables into a contemporary context. But at the same time, I have this deep appreciation for how stories and images ultimately shape us slowly. They are stories that Jesus used to explain what He was doing on the ground in the moment. Tim: Well, actually just at the beginning, a few verses earlier in Matthew 18, like two paragraphs before, He brings a little child and sets them and says, "whoever becomes like this child is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven.". "Now there was a certain man." Tim: As always you, our listeners, have sent in loads of thoughtful questions. Because he's named Lazarus, which was a really common name in Jesus' day. That the more he learns about the Bible, the more it all feels like a parable. But again, all of this, the children, the little ones, this sheep imagery are all in the service of Him unpacking what He's doing in the moment, which is creating a community of the kingdom. He's talking about people who take the posture of being the least and the lowly position, as he said. Jon: I mean, this gets to something that is present throughout the whole Bible, which is a high level of design, and how stories are told, which, to me, like a modern western thinker would make me initially go, "Oh, they're making it up.". In this episode, Tim and Jon answer these and other excellent audience questions on the parables of Jesus. And I think the reason why people have attached so much importance to this question is because it has to do with the afterlife. A lot of times I hear people take that teaching and apply it directly to us, and it doesn't feel like it goes through our filter. Gospel authors intentionally structure content to make a persuasive point. So He's using Hebrew Bible imagery, He's describing His own current moment, and the parable invites, you know, all kinds of reflection and pondering. Credit: ©Thinkstock/lenanet & ©Thinkstock/Sean824, "A lady went to her Pastor and said ‘Pastor, I won't be going to your church anymore. It's in an Egyptian form. Fables and parables are brief, invented narratives that shed light on aspects of human experience and behavior. So He's already set up the scenario that He and the apostles are like the shepherds who are going out to Israel to announce the kingdom, to gather new disciples and these little Jesus cells. What do you think? The whole point is that they're an opposite fate. Tim: Marco, a good question. ', The Pastor replied ‘OK. After working as a preschool teacher…. This vocabulary comes from the book of the prophet Zechariah. (51.45) But we cannot overlook or ignore the fact that it was first a piece of communication given to 1st century Jews by a 1st century to. And we're not in control of those responses. To hear the second baby’s powerful response click here. Is this parable about children and God's protection over them? There's just this one sense of where you said something to Tim, that if we just take it out of context, it could just be very meaningful to a lot of people." And this is Anthony from Australia. Maybe even some human might do him harm. Several years ago, a friend of mine and her husband were invited to spend the weekend at the husband's employer's home. Lazarus. Jon: He knew what He was doing, but like let's take a step back and assess that by being cryptic, sermon upon sermon of kind of a missing what He's doing, making this strictly about kids, I mean, the amount of times I've heard that, there's that danger. Also, I think it fits into the strategy that this is a parable in that the rich man has no name. It's actually really timely. The Sermon on the Mount has a timeless quality to it, which is why it's moved listeners all over the world a couple of thousand years now. RELATED: Woman Lives Out A Parable At The Airport. Parables Introduction Definitions, parable, fable, analogy, count of parables; List of Parables in Order Brief descriptions and scripture references for all 46 parables. And actually, you don't even have to go that far. But it seems like in the whole of Matthew 18, Jesus is actually telling several parables about children. "Whoever receives y'all..." No, that would be all y'all? It's a shortened form of the Hebrew name Eleazar, which means "God is help." ... to understand the parables in their original Sitz im Leben shall we be able to free ourselves from the chains of modern-day fads or trends, whether they be liberalism's general moral truth or existentialism's language event. You go and proclaim the kingdom of God." Tim: Yeah. Just about it seems like when you put a lot of emphasis on original context, it feels at first like the Bible is being taken away from you, or its ability to speak to you. Bye. Parables #5-6 Moneylender forgives unequal debts. The first lesson today really gives us a very good context in which to reflect on our Gospel reading today and the letter from Paul to the Colossians. Maybe we won’t need this physical cord anymore. I just want to talk about that for the next 45 minutes. These simple stories open our eyes to the ways that God is in our life every single day. Anthony: Hi, guys. It's what he told us. And don't freak out. Tim: You're making an important observation. "Whoever in the name of a disciple gives to one of these little ones a cup of cold water to drink, truly I tell you, he won't lose his reward." To hear what stunned the young man when his eyes were finally opened click here. I'm from Adelaide in South Australia. Tim: Totally. Okay, sorry, I just wanted to say that before you went back to chapter 18. Does that make sense? His eyes widened and surprise exploded on his face as I said, “Hey Buddy, what’s your name?”. I told her that it was my pleasure and then I said something I have no idea where it came from, other than by the prompting of the Holy Spirit. 51m. Some of the parables combine the above features. Their narrative's crafted to communicate something. Any thoughts or reflections on that. Both have the same necessary parts: engine, wheels, steering wheel, seats, transmission, brakes, lights, and a nut behind the wheel. In Luke 9:57-62, Jesus makes these three short statements to people that He's inviting to follow Him. Which once you say it out loud, it seems really simple and intuitive that the original context really matters and that we should let that determine what the basic meaning of a teaching of Jesus a parable or even a story about Jesus. They transliterate it. Speakers in the audio file: Parables This week, we get to continue to just think about the parables. And so it actually makes sense. In most American translations it's obvious when you're reading a parable because it says so in the subtitle (parable of the lost son, parable of the lost coin, etc.). So the point is that, what's the significance? That He's the vindicator of the poor man. During Jesus' time on earth, He loved using profound parables to teach important lessons. The parable of the four soils, for example, highlights how people respond to the message of the Kingdom. I enjoyed this modern day parable of the Good Samaritan biblical story. And it can be used as the physical grave or it can be used to talk about the realm of the dead, which in the Hebrew Bible, this kind of shadowy nonexistent existence of the dead who are semi-conscious. I guess I've just always heard this verse, this parable in context of salvation and bringing home that lost person. The second is that the poor man being named I think actually fits into the strategy of the parable. And also a big layer of His audience is people who want to hurt Him. Jesus did. "And if they receive you," he says to the disciples, "they receive me." Jon: Washington State. And she's challenging all…, During a Tennessee house fire, a 7-year-old brother saves his sister when no one else could get to her. But I think the sense that the Sermon on the Mount makes is the sense that it made as a part of Jesus' Kingdom of God announcement to the people of Israel, but that doesn't prevent it from speaking to other contexts as a context beyond that. The significance is that Jesus is there giving His message and there's a variety of responses. You actually believe in Mother? That's on the brain. That's not what separates them is different types of literature. Lauren: Hi, Tim and Jon. Names are one thing that can get in the way of our understanding the original context or meaning of the parable. Holding a pencil and a shoe box Howard would say ‘Hello, what’s your name?” to just about everyone who walked into the convenience store. So I think they just represent two different people in two different contexts. Tim shares that the parable of the four soils, in its original context, is providing commentary on what Jesus is doing at that moment in proclaiming the Kingdom. "Now there was a certain rich man." Jon: "As they were walking along the road..." And who's "they here? Tim: It's interesting. “Yes,” I answered.”How old are you Denny?”. Especially if you think one of the main purposes of the Bible is to give you information that you know so you can go to the right place in the afterlife, then you can see why people try and answer your question, Doreen, all of a sudden, it raises an importance, right? He begins by saying, "The one who's greatest is the one who, like a child, makes himself a little one in my community." It would be the only way he could become a man! Now you're drawing attention to the fact that your Bible has little subtitles kind of before different paragraphs that will mark if something's a parable by saying "the parable of the lost son," and then we'll come to the prodigal son and so on. What are you thinking, when you look at me? His job isn't to go to the leadership of Israel, even though he ends up in front of a lot of Israelites, like in the book of Acts. That's going to happen everywhere else the story of Jesus spreads. This is Doreen from Orlando, Florida, and I have a question regarding Luke 16:19-31. And so really, it's the Jesus sees Himself as bringing about the great reversal for Israel. Jon: Even though the immediate part before little ones were children? And again, this is a good example of we typically think of Jesus as a moral teacher. Jon: So how would you preach this passage? We're actually pushing it up, and we'll have a little conversation about it. And so, yeah, we do feel extra energized right now. Even if an Israelite gives you a cup of cold water, like shows an act of kindness to one of the disciples of Jesus who's out there...And notice He calls His disciples "the little ones." Jon: Tim, we are remote from each other during the times of the COVID, and we are going to do a question response episode on the parable series. In this case, the message of the Kingdom will have varied responses due to factors outside our control, but we can trust that the message of the Kingdom will do its work. Fables usually involve ordinary human characters and situations—like quarreling siblings who are corrected by a loving father. “Oh Yeah,” said the son. I mean, really, a lot of has to do with the source material that they're using or writing or re-employing as they arrange these conversations. The Parable of the Sower On the same day Jesus went out of the house and sat by the sea. There you go. Jon: Yeah, man. This story is part of a series of inspirational stories designed to uplift your day and show you God's hand at work in the world. And Jesus replied, 'No one who puts a hand to the plow and looks back is fit for service in the kingdom of God.'". You need Texan for this. The whole chapter has a flow to it, and it's about the community of disciples. To hear who this ‘cranky’ man really was, click here. In Luke's Gospel, many of Jesus's parables are grouped together. I just listened to episode four on the parables. They spent a few days and nights on the farm of what would be considered a very poor family. Tim: Yeah, we were in Matthew 18. Go down to verse 42. Man, out of all the parables or out of all of Jesus' stories, this one was I feel like lodged in my psyche from earliest memories I have. Jesus used cryptic communication for an Israelite audience. What that parable is doing is giving a commentary on what Jesus is doing in Israel, announcing the kingdom of God in the very moment that He's giving the parable. And then He goes on to say, "Whoever humbles themselves," verse 4, but it's not just like, you know, have a humble attitude, "whoever intentionally places themselves in a lower rank than other people, like this child, that's the one who's greatest in the kingdom.". I do think the best kind of reasonable arguments are on the side of this is a parable. Jon: To say it another way is that when Jesus told these parables, He had an initial audience, and He had a specific reason for those parables for that initial audience. In Matthew, Jesus tells a lot of stories about children. That's I think the point of the parable. The moment you take a parable out of that context and plug it into some other storyline, like a theology of salvation, I think we're violating Jesus' intention on multiple levels, because we're making the story about something other than what He said it was about. And I was wondering where you think this fits when we look at the Sermon on the Mount. Jon: We're doing it. 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