Although many small offices remain along the historic canals, centrally based companies have increasingly relocated outside Amsterdam's city centre. [8] The conurbation had a population of 1,096,042 in 2013. [221] The outbreak of the Second World War and shifting priorities led to the current situation, where only roads A1, A2, and A4 originate from Amsterdam according to the original plan. Amsterdam is a prominent centre for national and international media. All Ile Amsterdam Hotels Ile Amsterdam Hotel Deals By Hotel Class. Its collection consists of nearly one million objects. Philip Vingboons designed splendid merchants' houses throughout the city. The river Amstel ends in the city centre and connects to a large number of canals that eventually terminate in the IJ. Other non-Dutch companies have chosen to settle in communities surrounding Amsterdam since they allow freehold property ownership, whereas Amsterdam retains ground rent. The Stadsschouwburg is currently being renovated and expanded. The square itself is the most prominent site in Amsterdam for festivals and outdoor concerts, especially in the summer. Negen Straatjes are nine narrow streets within the Grachtengordel, the concentric canal system of Amsterdam. Here is a compilation of Free MCQs of Class 11 English Hornbill book Chapter 2– We are not afraid to die if we all can be together. Each year, the city administration takes up to 10,000 bicycles out of the canals. He rushed to the deck and to his amazement, gazed at the stark outline of Ile Amsterdam. After the 2014 municipal council elections, a governing majority of D66, VVD and SP was formed – the first coalition without the Labour Party since World War II. Amsterdam has 165 canals, crossed by 1,281 bridges. No different treatment for migrant groups".[240]. This led to riots, and as a result the original plans for large-scale reconstruction were abandoned. The neighbourhoods consisted mainly of large housing blocks located among green spaces, connected to wide roads, making the neighbourhoods easily accessible by motor car. Share with your friends. The ice hockey team Amstel Tijgers play in the Jaap Eden ice rink. [210], As with all Dutch municipalities, Amsterdam is governed by a directly elected municipal council, a municipal executive board and a government appointed[211] mayor (burgemeester). [216], Of these various metropolitan area configurations, only the Stadsregio Amsterdam (City Region of Amsterdam) has a formal governmental status. And that in a city that has only around 821.000 inhabitants. These new neighbourhoods were built to relieve the city's shortage of living space and give people affordable houses with modern conveniences. These buildings were built according to the principles of the architect Hendrick de Keyser. [200] Notable Amsterdam bands from the modern era include the Osdorp Posse and The Ex. Last came the city's official motto: Heldhaftig, Vastberaden, Barmhartig ("Heroic, Determined, Merciful"), bestowed on the city in 1947 by Queen Wilhelmina, in recognition of the city's bravery during the Second World War. [119][120] Buildings in this neighbourhood fell into disrepair after the Second World War,[121] and a large section of the neighbourhood was demolished during the construction of the subway. Smaller streets, such as the Jodenbreestraat and Weesperstraat, were widened and almost all houses and buildings were demolished. [192] Amsterdam is noted for having five independent grammar schools (Dutch: gymnasia), the Vossius Gymnasium, Barlaeus Gymnasium, St. Ignatius Gymnasium, Het 4e Gymnasium and the Cygnus Gymnasium where a classical curriculum including Latin and classical Greek is taught. The houses in the vicinity of the Museum Square in Amsterdam Oud-Zuid are an example of Jugendstil. [104][105] In 2015, Christians formed the largest religious group in the city (24% of the population). 21. [97], The first mass immigration in the 20th century was by people from Indonesia, who came to Amsterdam after the independence of the Dutch East Indies in the 1940s and 1950s. [93] This was soon followed by reurbanisation and gentrification,[94][92] leading to renewed population growth in the 2010s. In the Zuid borough, is the Beatrixpark, named after Queen Beatrix. Many famous international artists have performed there. The Dutch National Opera and Ballet (formerly known as Het Muziektheater), dating from 1986, is the principal opera house and home to Dutch National Opera and Dutch National Ballet. [83], In 1750, Amsterdam was the fourth largest city in western Europe, behind London (676,000), Paris (560,000) and Naples (324,000). [90][91][92] Between 1970 and 1980, Amsterdam experienced its sharp population decline, peaking at a net loss of 25,000 people in 1973. Some Amsterdam citizens sheltered Jews, thereby exposing themselves and their families to a high risk of being imprisoned or sent to concentration camps. [110] Calvinism was declared the main religion,[109] and although Catholicism was not forbidden and priests allowed to serve, the Catholic hierarchy was prohibited. [186][187] In 1888, the Concertgebouworkest orchestra was established. The namesake of the city as the site of the original dam, Dam Square, is the main city square and has the Royal Palace and National Monument. [51] Amsterdam Population. Hilversum is the principal centre for radio and television broadcasting in the Netherlands. On 27 June 2018, Femke Halsema (former member of House of Representatives for GroenLinks from 1998 to 2011) was appointed as the first woman to be Mayor of Amsterdam by the King's Commissioner of North Holland for a six-year term after being nominated by the Amsterdam municipal council and began serving a six-year term on 12 July 2018. There is one rugby club in Amsterdam, which also hosts sports training classes such as RTC (Rugby Talenten Centrum or Rugby Talent Centre) and the National Rugby stadium. Many schools, however, are based on religion. In recent times, religious demographics in Amsterdam have been changed by immigration from former colonies. Speed skating championships have been held on the 400-metre lane of this ice rink. The city has many open squares (plein in Dutch). From the old Amsterdam Armoury and the Temple of Israel … Amsterdam is absolutely packed with museums of all kinds; you can find a museum with art exhibits of animals, bacteria, bodies and more! Therefore, the two buildings combined are often called the Stopera, (a word originally coined by protesters against it very construction: Stop the Opera[-house]). The third theatre space, to be operated jointly with next door Melkweg, will open in late 2009 or early 2010. [188] With the 20th century came cinema, radio and television. Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam. The 17th century is considered Amsterdam's Golden Age, during which it became the wealthiest city in the western world. [174] Certain years have a theme in Amsterdam to attract extra tourists. They had survived for 15 hours since the wave hit. [231] This airport is 4 meters below sea level. The first Ashkenazis who arrived in Amsterdam were refugees from the Khmelnytsky Uprising in Ukraine and the Thirty Years' War, which devastated much of Central Europe. It had little vegetation but still it appeared to be ‘the most beautiful island in the world’. Also noteworthy are Panama, Hotel Arena (East), TrouwAmsterdam and Studio 80. On Koningsdag—that is held each year on 27 April—hundreds of thousands of people travel to Amsterdam to celebrate with the city's residents. The name Amsterdam comes from the river Am… Use them for better understanding of the subjects. In 1300, Amsterdam's population was around 1,000 people. Catholics, some Jewish and dissenting Protestants worshiped in such buildings. Examples of discothèques near the Rembrandtplein are the Escape, Air, John Doe and Club Abe. It is also one of the few examples of Gothic architecture in Amsterdam. Frosts mainly occur during spells of easterly or northeasterly winds from the inner European continent. [49] At the end of the Second World War, communication with the rest of the country broke down, and food and fuel became scarce. This is transformed into an ice rink in winter. The influx of Flemish printers and the city's intellectual tolerance made Amsterdam a centre for the European free press.[40]. In the 16th and 17th century, non-Dutch immigrants to Amsterdam were mostly Huguenots, Flemings, Sephardi Jews and Westphalians. Amsterdam, capital of the Netherlands! It boasts 51 well-known museums that are dedicated to a many varied topics from the history of sex to the use of marijuana to the life of a famous painter. What to see:Like historic properties? Things to do Restaurants Flights Shopping Package Holidays Cruises Rental Cars. Amsterdam is a metropolitan municipality in the Dutch province of Noord-Holland. [38] In the heyday of the Silent Walk, up to 90,000 pilgrims came to Amsterdam. Amsterdam has a rich architectural history. In the 1950s Johnny Jordaan rose to fame with "Geef mij maar Amsterdam" ("I prefer Amsterdam"), which praises the city above all others (explicitly Paris); Jordaan sang especially about his own neighbourhood, the Jordaan ("Bij ons in de Jordaan"). The Netherlands always has a coalition government, so it’s a country of compromise and tolerance. Some of these markets are held daily, like the Albert Cuypmarkt and the Dappermarkt. Amsterdam's main attractions include its historic canals, the Rijksmuseum, the Van Gogh Museum, the Stedelijk Museum, Hermitage Amsterdam, the Concertgebouw, the Anne Frank House, the Scheepvaartmuseum, the Amsterdam Museum, the Heineken Experience, the Royal Palace of Amsterdam, Natura Artis Magistra, Hortus Botanicus Amsterdam, NEMO, the red-light district and many cannabis coffee shops. How did its inhabitants behave with the newcomers? Plans were made in 2008 to remodel the square again because many inhabitants of Amsterdam are not happy with its current appearance. It seemed to him to be the most beautiful island in the world. Amsterdam had its own version of the style, which was called the Amsterdamse School. Ile Amsterdam was a French scientific base and the only hope for their survival in the vast ocean. It was constructed around 1425 and is one of only two existing wooden buildings. [65] The surrounding land is flat as it is formed of large polders. A new building was added to the museum in 1999. [201] Another popular dance festival is 5daysoff, which takes place in the venues Paradiso and Melkweg. Ile Amsterdam was a French base. Unfortunately the ship partially wrecked in the Indian Ocean and the sailors faced death very close. To the south of De Wallen is the old Jewish quarter of Waterlooplein. Don’t Mistake the Blue Lights in the Red Light District. The Concertgebouw is located across this street from the square. The building contains three halls, Grote Zaal, Kleine Zaal, and Spiegelzaal. Many of its buildings have become monuments, and in July 2010 the Grachtengordel (the three concentric canals: Herengracht, Keizersgracht, and Prinsengracht) was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List. Amsterdam Centraal is also an international railway station. [42] Ships sailed from Amsterdam to the Baltic Sea, North America, and Africa, as well as present-day Indonesia, India, Sri Lanka, and Brazil, forming the basis of a worldwide trading network. Class-11-science » English. In the 17th century baroque architecture became very popular, as it was elsewhere in Europe. [236], Amsterdam has two universities: the University of Amsterdam (Universiteit van Amsterdam, UvA), and the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (VU). The full collection was reopened to the public on 13 April 2013 and the Rijksmuseum has remained the most visited museum in Amsterdam with 2.2 million visitors in 2016 and 2.16 million in 2017.[194]. Hooftstraat[176] and Cornelis Schuytstraat, which are located in the vicinity of the Vondelpark. [143] In the early 17th century, when immigration was at a peak, a comprehensive plan was developed that was based on four concentric half-circles of canals with their ends emerging at the IJ bay. The city of Amsterdam is located on 90 small islands. [17] The city is also well known for its nightlife and festival activity; with several of its nightclubs (Melkweg, Paradiso) among the world's most famous. Report ; Posted by Phelastin Nongkhlaw Phelastin 1 year, 2 months ago. CBSE > Class 11 > English Core 0 answers; ANSWER. This can be attributed to an increasing number of European visitors. [54], In the early years of the 21st century, the Amsterdam city centre has attracted large numbers of tourists: between 2012 and 2015, the annual number of visitors rose from 10 to 17 million. Ile Amsterdam Tourism: Best of Ile Amsterdam. Here are 15 things NOT to do in Amsterdam. Report ; Posted by Anas Saifi 8 hours ago. Amsterdam has a long history of immigration and 48.3% of the city's inhabitants were immigrants as of 2005, a figure that has since increased. [82] The city's growth levelled off and the population stabilised around 240,000 for most of the 18th century. The area to the southeast of the city built during the same period is known as the Bijlmer.[156][157]. The lions date from the late 16th century, when city and province became part of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands. The largest area by population, the Amsterdam Metropolitan Area (Dutch: Metropoolregio Amsterdam), has a population of 2,33 million. They moored the ship at some distance from the shore and the next morning, 28 inhabitants of the Amsterdam island helped them to move on the shore of the land. [118] Being Calvinists, the Huguenots soon integrated into the Dutch Reformed Church, though often retaining their own congregations. The main street of this Jewish neighbourhood was the Jodenbreestraat. It was not likely to take them safely to Australia. General Information about Amsterdam. Colleagues and contemporaries of Johnny include Tante Leen and Manke Nelis. They anchored off shore for the night and then were welcomed by the 28 inhabitants of the island the next morning. However, as the Negen Straatjes are dominated by fashion stores, the Haarlemmerstraat and Haarlemmerdijk offer a wide variety of stores, just to name some specialities: candy and other food-related stores, lingerie, sneakers, wedding clothing, interior shops, books, Italian deli's, racing and mountain bikes, skatewear, etc. [154][155], After the Second World War, large new neighbourhoods were built in the western, southeastern, and northern parts of the city. They range from small museums such as the Verzetsmuseum (Resistance Museum), the Anne Frank House, and the Rembrandt House Museum, to the very large, like the Tropenmuseum (Museum of the Tropics), Amsterdam Museum (formerly known as Amsterdam Historical Museum), Hermitage Amsterdam (a dependency of the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg) and the Joods Historisch Museum (Jewish Historical Museum). Normally, however, the Parliament sits in The Hague, the city which has historically been the seat of the Dutch government, the Dutch monarchy, and the Dutch supreme court. Shortly before the First World War, the city started to expand again, and new suburbs were built. Amsterdam was granted city rights in either 1300 or 1306. Second is the Imperial Crown of Austria. Interchanges on the A10 allow cars to enter the city by transferring to one of the 18 city roads, numbered S101 through to S118. [162] Most Gothic style buildings date from that era and are therefore said to be built in a neo-gothic style. Amsterdam hosted the World Gymnaestrada in 1991 and will do so again in 2023. In the summertime, there are several big outdoor dance parties in or nearby Amsterdam, such as Awakenings, Dance Valley, Mystery Land, Loveland, A Day at the Park, Welcome to the Future, and Valtifest. Due to new housing projects and immigration, the number is rising steadily. Amsterdam is located in the Western Netherlands, in the province of North Holland, the capital of which is not Amsterdam, but rather Haarlem. In 2010, the number of Amsterdam boroughs reached fifteen. Since Amsterdam expanded rapidly during this period, new buildings adjacent to the city centre were also built in this style. The city is also served by a seaport. [70][71] It was ‘a black piece of volcanic rock’. Add your answer and earn points. Amsterdam (/ ˈ æ m s t ər d æ m /, UK also / ˌ æ m s t ər ˈ d æ m /; Dutch: [ɑmstɛrˈdɑm] ()) is the capital and most populous city of the Netherlands with a population of 872,680 within the city proper, 1,558,755 in the urban area and 2,480,394 in the metropolitan area. Amsterdam, as well as most of the North Holland province, lies in USDA Hardiness zone 8b. [80], This changed when, during the Dutch Revolt, many people from the Southern Netherlands fled to the North, especially after Antwerp fell to Spanish forces in 1585. [148], After the development of Amsterdam's canals in the 17th century, the city did not grow beyond its borders for two centuries. In 2008, there were 140 festivals and events in Amsterdam.[203]. [22] The city was ranked 4th place globally as top tech hub in the Savills Tech Cities 2019 report (2nd in Europe),[23] and 3rd in innovation by Australian innovation agency 2thinknow in their Innovation Cities Index 2009. Amsterdam Stakes Its Claim", "2thinknow Innovation Cities Global 256 Index – worldwide innovation city rankings", "Amsterdam world's most multicultural city", "Ontstaan uit een storm; De vroegste geschiedenis van Amsterdam archeologisch en landschappelijk belicht", "Amsterdam 200 jaar ouder dan aangenomen", "The toll privilege of 1275 in the Amsterdam City Archives", "Amsterdam through the ages -A medieval village becomes a global city", http://www.centraledorpenraad.nl/landelijk-noord/historie, "Seventeenth-century canal ring area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht – UNESCO World Heritage Centre", "World Executive City Guides – Amsterdam", "Winkelomzet in Amsterdamse binnenstad explodeerde in 2015", "Werk aan Amsterdamse Noord-Zuidlijn hervat", "Bouw Noord/Zuidlijn is voltooid: metrostations en lijn klaar om proef te draaien", "Plan Openbare Ruimte Frederik Hendrikbuurt", "Amsterdam, Netherlands Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)", "06240: Amsterdam Airport Schiphol (Netherlands)", "Stationsdata station Schiphol 1981–2010", "Klimaattabel Schiphol, langjarige gemiddelden, tijdvak 1981–2010", "Klimaattabel Schiphol, langjarige extremen, tijdvak 1971–2000", "Amsterdam, Netherlands – Detailed climate information and monthly weather forecast", "History of Amsterdam, The Early History", "General Dutch population development 1400–1850", "The Spatial Transformation of the Netherlands 1988—2015", "Integrated urban renewal in The Netherlands: a critical appraisal", "The context of neighbourhood regeneration in Western Europe. 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